Aug 1, 1989

Transport-specific isolation of large channels reconstituted into lipid vesicles

The Journal of Membrane Biology
A L HarrisJ Zimmerberg

Abstract

To develop a technique for purifying and identifying pore-forming membrane proteins, we used a transport-specific increase in buoyant density to select for lipid vesicles containing voltage-dependent anion channels (VDAC). Monodisperse, single-walled vesicles were formed by gel filtration from a detergent-solubilized mixture of lipid and protein in a urea buffer. The vesicles were layered on a linear iso-osmolar density gradient formed of urea and sucrose buffers. Since VDAC is open at zero trans-membrane voltage and is permeable to urea and sucrose, vesicles containing functional VDAC should become more dense as sucrose enters and urea leaves, while those lacking open channels should maintain their original density. Vesicles formed in the absence of VDAC migrated to a characteristic density, while vesicles formed in the presence of VDAC fractionated into two populations in the gradients, one migrating to the same density as the vesicles formed without VDAC, and one at a significantly greater density. In contrast to the lower density vesicles, the higher density vesicles showed a high permeability to calcein, and contained functional VDAC channels (shown by electrophysiological recordings following fusion with a planar bilayer)...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Tissue Membrane
Connexins
Ion Channel
Niosomes
Cell Surface Proteins
Cell Membrane Permeability
VDAC1

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