Transvaginal ultrasound studies of vascular and morphological changes in uteri exposed to diethylstilbestrol in utero

Human Reproduction
Bruno SalleR C Rudigoz


The aim of this prospective study was to establish complementary data of uteri exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) in utero for transvaginal analysis and vascularity changes during the menstrual cycle. A total of 28 women with DES-exposed uteri were compared with 60 non-exposed women. Transvaginal ultrasound and colour Doppler imaging were performed on days 5 and 22 of the menstrual cycle. Uteri were measured on sagittal and transverse scans. Uterine length, width, thickness and uterine cavity length and width were measured. Uterine volume and uterine cavity area were calculated. DES-exposed uterine volume was equal to 31.84 +/- 3.37 cm3. The cavity area of DES-exposed uterus was equal to 35.85 +/- 3.93 cm2. Cervix length of DES-exposed uterus was significantly smaller than that of non-exposed uterus. The uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) of DES-exposed uterus was significantly higher than that of normal uterus. Blood flow remained stable throughout the menstrual cycle. The PI of DES-exposed uterus remained stable during the menstrual cycle, as in non-exposed uterus, and it decreased during the luteal phase. This lack of modification in vascularity of DES-exposed uterus may explain miscarriages and obstetric complications s...Continue Reading


Jul 9, 2004·Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology·Kimberly P MillerJodi A Flaws
Jul 31, 1999·Fertility and Sterility·J M Goldberg, T Falcone
Feb 24, 2006·Journal of Perinatal Medicine·Sonia S HassanYoram Sorokin
Aug 20, 2004·Radiology·Robert N Troiano, Shirley M McCarthy
Jul 9, 2013·Journal of Mid-life Health·Shikha SethGarima Gupta
Oct 16, 2012·Radiographics : a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc·Spencer C BehrAliya Qayyum
Aug 16, 2014·The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians·Roberto RomeroYeon Mee Kim
Nov 19, 2004·Neoplasia : an International Journal for Oncology Research·Gilbert SchönfelderIbrahim Chahoud
Mar 14, 2009·The Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology·Madhu BagariaKiran Mishra
Sep 9, 2006·Gynécologie, obstétrique & fertilité·Olivier GarbinC Rongières

Related Concepts

Cervix Uteri
Ovarian Cycle
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
Pulsatile Flow
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.