Treatment of cardiogenic shock in myocardial infarction by intraaortic balloon counterpulsation surgery

The American Journal of Medicine
S A JohnsonR M Gunnar

Abstract

Thirty-seven patients in cardiogenic shock due to acute myocardial infarction were treated with intraaortic balloon counterpulsation and/or surgery. Eighteen of these patients were treated with counterpulsation alone; eight survived and five were in functional class I or II at the time of follow-up; two were in functional class III, and one was in functional class IV. Nineteen patients were treated surgically, eight survived and seven were in functional class I or II at the time of follow-up; one was in functional class III. Good functional recovery with counterpulsation alone is most common with inferior infarction. With surgery, functional recovery depends not only on the extent of the infarction and the coronary anatomy, but also on the ability to perform surgery within 12 hours of infarction or to support the patient with mechanical means for 10 to 14 days after the infarction and then perform surgery.

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Related Concepts

Myocardial Infarction
Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumping
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Inferior Wall Myocardial Infarction
Shock, Cardiogenic
Assisted Circulation

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Cardiogenic Shock

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