Aug 19, 2000

Treatment of cowpox virus respiratory infections in mice with ribavirin as a single agent or followed sequentially by cidofovir

Antiviral Chemistry & Chemotherapy
Donald F SmeeRobert W Sidwell

Abstract

To better understand the potential of ribavirin in the treatment of orthopoxvirus infections (such as those acquired through bioterrorist activities), the efficacy of the drug was studied in a cowpox respiratory infection model in mice under varying disease severity. Mice did not survive a high intranasal cowpox virus challenge [3 x 10(6) plaque forming units (pfu)/animal] treated with subcutaneous ribavirin (100 mg/kg/day for 5 days), but lived 3.9 days longer than placebos. In contrast, 100% of animals receiving the same dose of drug survived a 3 x 10(5) pfu challenge compared with 0% survival of those that received placebo. Survival rates of 50 and 30% occurred with ribavirin doses of 50 and 25 mg/kg/day, respectively. At the 100 mg/kg/day dose, ribavirin reduced lung virus titres 40-fold on day 6 of the infection relative to titres in the placebo group. Weight loss resulting from illness and mean lung weights of mice treated with ribavirin were also significantly reduced. Mice were infected intranasally with the high 3 x 10(6) pfu virus challenge dose and treated with 100 mg/kg/day ribavirin for 5 days, followed by single injections of 75 mg/kg cidofovir on day 6, 7, 8 or 9. Cidofovir alone (without ribavirin) administered ...Continue Reading

  • References12
  • Citations11

Mentioned in this Paper

Cowpox virus
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Lung
Cytosine
Bacteriophage Plaque Assay
Polychemotherapy
Dental Plaque
Respiratory Tract Infections
Senile Plaques
Upper Respiratory Infections

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Antivirals

Antivirals are medications that are used specifically for treating viral infections. Discover the latest research on antivirals here.

Antivirals (ASM)

Antivirals are medications that are used specifically for treating viral infections. Discover the latest research on antivirals here.