PMID: 7089781Jul 3, 1982Paper

Treatment of homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia with probucol

South African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
S G BakerH C Seftel

Abstract

Ten patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia were treated with the recently introduced drug probucol (Lurselle; Mer-National) for 15-21 months. Xanthomas regressed or disappeared in most patients, angina lessened in two-thirds of cases and the ECG improved in half of those with pretreatment abnormalities. The mean fall in serum total cholesterol levels after 18 months of therapy was 27%. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels fell transiently in the early months of therapy but then returned to the pretreatment range. Plasma probucol levels varied between 20 micrograms/ml and 90 micrograms/ml, indicating good compliance, but did not correlate with the clinical or hypocholesterolaemic responses. Probucol was well tolerated by child and adult patients. The effects of probucol in this therapeutically resistant disorder were better than expected. Considered in relation to efficacy, safety, tolerance and convenience probucol appears to be the most satisfactory treatment for homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia currently available.

Related Concepts

Angina Pectoris
Epicholesterol
Diet
Electrocardiographic Recorders
Hyperlipoproteinemia Type IIa
Phenols
Surgical Portacaval Shunt
Superlipid
Triglycerides
Xanthoma

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.