PMID: 15869730May 5, 2005Paper

Treatment of metastatic malignant melanoma

Current Treatment Options in Oncology
Ehab Atallah, Lawrence E Flaherty

Abstract

The rapid increase in incidence of malignant melanoma has not been associated with better therapeutic options over the years. Single-agent chemotherapy or immunotherapy remain the treatments of choice when systemic therapy is offered. Dacarbazine (DTIC) is the chemotherapy of choice with a response rate of 16%. Other chemotherapies, including cisplatinum, paclitaxel, docetaxel and the DTIC analogue temozolomide, have shown activity in this disease. Based on their single-agent activity, several combination chemotherapies have been investigated with preliminary results that appeared promising. However, in randomized phase III trials the two most active chemotherapy combination regimens, cisplatin, vinblastine, and DTIC (CVD) and the Dartmouth regimen (DTIC, cisplatin, bischloroethylnitrosourea , and tamoxifen), did not prove to be superior to single-agent DTIC for overall survival. Immunotherapy with either interleukin (IL)-2 or interferon (IFN) has demonstrated response rates of 10% to 15% in appropriately selected patients. In patients who achieve a complete response, responses can be of greater durability than those with chemotherapy. However, IL-2 and IFN administration are associated with multiple side effects, and only phys...Continue Reading

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