Treatment of mild hypertension: a five year controlled drug trial. The Oslo study

The American Journal of Medicine
A Helgeland

Abstract

In 1972--1973, 785 symptom-free men, aged 40 to 49 years, without target organ damage, with systolic blood pressures between 150 and 179 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure below 110 mm Hg, were assigned at random to one of two groups: (406 to a drug treatment group and 379 to a control group) for a five-year controlled drug treatment trial to evaluate the effect of therapy on cardiovascular complications. Drug treatment started with hydrochlorothiazide. If systolic blood pressure remained above 140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure above 90 mm Hg, alphamethyldopa was added. If there were side effects, methyldopa was replaced with propranolol. The control group was not given a placebo. The mean observation time was 66 months (range 60 to 78 months). A difference in blood pressure between groups of about 17 mm Hg systolic and 10 mm Hg diastolic was maintained throughout the study. The study protocol had a rather low "ethical" blood pressure roof, 180 mm Hg systolic and/or 110 mm Hg diastolic. Seventeen percent of the control group had an increase in blood pressure above this level during the trial, and drug treatment was started. There was no effect on major cardiovascular morbidity comparing groups as established by randomiz...Continue Reading

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