Treatment of multifocal atrial tachycardia with metoprolol

Critical Care Medicine
P B Hazard, C R Burnett


We used metoprolol orally or iv in 25 patients with multifocal atrial tachycardia that was complicating severe cardiopulmonary illness, and we observed its effect on heart rate and rhythm, BP, and arterial blood gases. All patients showed a dramatic slowing of heart rate, averaging 54.0 +/- 4.0 beat/min (p less than .001), with only small and transient fall in BP. Seventeen (68%) patients experienced conversion to sinus rhythm, 11 immediately, and six more within 3 h. Time to response averaged 5.1 h with the oral form but was less than 10 min when the drug was given iv. The mean oral dose required was 32.5 mg, and the mean iv dose was 6.5 mg. No patient experienced clinically apparent hemodynamic or respiratory deterioration as a result of metoprolol administration. While arterial pH and PaCO2 were unaltered by metoprolol, mean PaO2 increased by 12.2 +/- 5.8 torr (p less than .05), the increase being greatest in patients with more severe gas-exchange derangement. We conclude that metoprolol is effective in the management of multifocal atrial tachycardia.


Jun 14, 1990·The New England Journal of Medicine·J A Kastor
Jun 20, 1998·Postgraduate Medicine·Y Y Mishriki
Jun 1, 1992·Chest·G A Hill, S D Owens
Feb 1, 1988·Chest·E C Huycke, R J Sung
Nov 20, 2016·Europace : European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology : Journal of the Working Groups on Cardiac Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Cellular Electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology·Demosthenes G KatritsisJack Rickard
Jan 1, 1991·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·J RelloG Prats
Oct 1, 1989·Postgraduate Medicine·S L Lawhorn, W W Emmot

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS), also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder, is a rare childhood neurological syndrome characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electroencephalogram. Discover the latest research on LKS here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.