PMID: 3328284Jan 1, 1987Paper

Treatment of peptic ulcers--acid reduction or cytoprotection?

Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. Supplement
H GliseL Wählby

Abstract

In a Swedish multicenter double blind trial cimetidine was compared to sucralfate in the treatment of peptic ulcer. Patients with endoscopically verified gastric, prepyloric and duodenal ulcers were treated with cimetidine 400 mg x 2 or sucralfate 1 g x 4 for four to eight weeks. Gastric ulcers were treated up to 12 weeks. Patients with healed ulcers were followed for up to 12 months. During follow-up without any anti ulcer treatment control endoscopy was performed 2-4 and 9-11 months after endoscopic healing and at symptomatic recurrence. 647 patients were studied (334 cimetidine and 313 sucralfate). 258 patients were included in the 12 months' follow up: of these 143 were previously treated with cimetidine and 115 with sucralfate. Healing rates were 92% in patients treated with cimetidine and 87% in those given sucralfate (ns). Symptomatic relief and ulcer recurrence did not differ between the treatments. Smoking significantly increased recurrence rate and shortened the time to recurrence in the cimetidine treated patients, but not in the sucralfate group. Cimetidine and sucralfate compared well in all aspects of acute peptic ulcer treatment and recurrence during one year of follow up.

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

KIF1A Associated Neurological Disorder

KIF1A associated neurological disorder (KAND) is a rare neurodegenerative condition caused by mutations in the KIF1A gene. KAND may present with a wide range and severity of symptoms including stiff or weak leg muscles, low muscle tone, a lack of muscle coordination and balance, and intellectual disability. Find the latest research on KAND here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.