PMID: 12208227Sep 5, 2002

Treatment of superior vena cava obstruction secondary to pacemaker wires with balloon venoplasty and insertion of metallic stents

European Heart Journal
N TeoA Adam

Abstract

Pacemaker wires can result in stenosis of the superior vena cava and other central veins. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of treating stenoses of the superior vena cava (SVC) and central veins with balloon venoplasty and metallic stent insertion in the presence of cardiac pacemaker wires. Three patients were referred to the department after developing symptomatic SVC obstruction following implantation of a cardiac pacemaker several years earlier. They were examined with duplex ultrasound and venography, which revealed significant stenoses of the central veins. These patients subsequently underwent endovascular treatment which involved balloon dilation and stent insertion. The treatment was successful in all three patients, without any complications. Long-term patency of up to 4 years is recorded. No pacemaker function dysfunction was encountered. SVC stenting is safe and effective in patients who develop the SVC obstruction after cardiac pacemaker insertion.

Citations

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Related Concepts

Angioplasty, Balloon
Artificial Cardiac Pacemaker
Safety
Superior Vena Cava Thrombosis
Superior Vena Cava Structure
Stent, Device
Radiography, Interventional

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