Trends and spatial distribution of animal bites and vaccination status among victims and the animal population, Uganda: A veterinary surveillance system analysis, 2013-2017.

PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Fred MonjeAlex Ario

Abstract

Rabies is a vaccine-preventable fatal zoonotic disease. Uganda, through the veterinary surveillance system at National Animal Disease Diagnostics and Epidemiology Centre (NADDEC), captures animal bites (a proxy for rabies) on a monthly basis from districts. We established trends of incidence of animal bites and corresponding post-exposure prophylactic anti-rabies vaccination in humans (PEP), associated mortality rates in humans, spatial distribution of animal bites, and pets vaccinated during 2013-2017. We reviewed rabies surveillance data at NADDEC from 2013-2017. The surveillance system captures persons reporting bites by a suspected rabid dog/cat/wild animal, human deaths due to suspected rabies, humans vaccinated against rabies, and pets vaccinated. Number of total pets was obtained from the Uganda Bureau of Statistics. We computed incidence of animal bites and corresponding PEP in humans, and analyzed overall trends, 2013-2017. We also examined human mortality rates and spatial distribution of animal bites/rabies and pets vaccinated against rabies. We identified 8,240 persons reporting animal bites in Uganda during 2013-2017; overall incidence of 25 bites/ 100,000population. The incidence significantly decreased from 9.2/1...Continue Reading

References

Feb 1, 1982·American Journal of Epidemiology·M Fekadu
Jul 28, 2005·Tropical Medicine & International Health : TM & IH·E M FèvreS Cleaveland
Feb 24, 2006·Emerging Infectious Diseases·Tiziana LemboCharles E Rupprecht
May 9, 2006·International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases·M K Sudarshan Gangaboraiah
Feb 27, 2010·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Tiziana LemboSarah Cleaveland
Feb 22, 2012·Virology Journal·Muhammad Zubair YousafSanaullah Khan
Nov 19, 2013·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Maganga SamboKatie Hampson
May 16, 2014·Lancet·Anthony R FooksAlan C Jackson
Jan 16, 2015·BMJ : British Medical Journal·Natasha S Crowcroft, Nisha Thampi
Mar 18, 2015·Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine : AAEM·José M RamosFélix Gutiérrez
Apr 17, 2015·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Katie HampsonUNKNOWN Global Alliance for Rabies Control Partners for Rabies Prevention
Jan 2, 2016·Acta Tropica·Louise H TaylorLouis H Nel
Dec 22, 2017·Science Translational Medicine·Jakob ZinsstagNakul Chitnis
Jul 15, 2018·Veterinary Research·Florence CliquetFrançois-Xavier Meslin

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS), also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder, is a rare childhood neurological syndrome characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electroencephalogram. Discover the latest research on LKS here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Related Papers

Perspective infirmière : revue officielle de l'Ordre des infirmières et infirmiers du Québec
Doris Deshaies
JACEP
E J GoldsteinS M Finegold
Soins. Pédiatrie, puériculture
Duodecim; lääketieteellinen aikakauskirja
M Seppänen
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved