Trends in antibiotic consumption in Colombian intensive care units, 2010-2017 v1

Jorge not provided not provided Machado Alba

Abstract

Trends in antibiotic consumption in Colombian intensive care units, 2010-2017 Introduction: Antibiotics are frequently used in intensive care units (ICUs). The objective of this study was to describe the trends of antibiotic use in Colombian ICUs across 8 years. Methods: This was a descriptive study that analyzed the consumption of antibiotics in 11 ICUs in 7 different cities. Patients older than 18 years in the period 2010 to 2017 were included. Demographic, pharmacological and cost variables were analyzed. Results: A total of 31,886 patients (50.8% men), with a mean age of 60.3±19.8 years, were treated with antibiotics. The most widely used antibiotics were piperacillin-tazobactam (25.2%), ampicillin-sulbactam (21.8%), and vancomycin (21.4%). The use of cefepime increased from 5.7 defined daily doses per 100 bed-days (DBD) in 2010 to 11.3 in 2017, followed by the use of meropenem (14.73 to 20.18 DBD). The average cost per patient/day decreased from USD 16.1 to USD 8.0 (reduction of 50.3%). A total of 41.3% of the cost corresponded to meropenem and 25.8% to piperacillin-tazobactam. Conclusions: The antimicrobials used in the ICU correspond to those recommended by the clinical practice guidelines. An increase in the DBD of some...Continue Reading

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