Trends in prenatal diagnosis, pregnancy termination, and perinatal mortality of newborns with congenital heart disease in France, 1983-2000: a population-based evaluation

Pediatrics
Babak KhoshnoodFrançois Goffinet

Abstract

To examine population-based overall and malformation-specific trends in the prenatal diagnosis, pregnancy termination, and perinatal mortality for congenital heart disease (CHD) during a period of rapid progress in prenatal diagnosis and medical management of CHD and to explore the impact of prenatal diagnosis on early neonatal mortality for specific (isolated) cardiac malformations. A total of 1982 cases of CHD, which were not associated with a known chromosomal anomaly, were obtained from the Paris Registry of Congenital Malformations. Main outcome measures were trends in the proportions diagnosed and terminated before birth, stillbirth, and early (<1 day, 1-week) neonatal mortality for (1) all cases; (2) all cases excluding isolated ventricular septal defects; and (3) malformation-specific trends for transposition of great arteries, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, coarctation of aorta, and tetralogy of Fallot. Analyses included cusum and binomial regression models for analysis of the trends during 1983-2000. Prenatal diagnosis rates for CHD increased from 23.0% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 19.0-27.4) in 1983-1988 to 47.3% (95% CI: 43.8-50.8) in 1995-2000. Termination rates increased between 1983 and 1989 (9.9%; 95% CI: 7....Continue Reading

Citations

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