Trends, rhythms, and aberrations in global climate 65 Ma to present

Science
James C ZachosKatharina Billups

Abstract

Since 65 million years ago (Ma), Earth's climate has undergone a significant and complex evolution, the finer details of which are now coming to light through investigations of deep-sea sediment cores. This evolution includes gradual trends of warming and cooling driven by tectonic processes on time scales of 10(5) to 10(7) years, rhythmic or periodic cycles driven by orbital processes with 10(4)- to 10(6)-year cyclicity, and rare rapid aberrant shifts and extreme climate transients with durations of 10(3) to 10(5) years. Here, recent progress in defining the evolution of global climate over the Cenozoic Era is reviewed. We focus primarily on the periodic and anomalous components of variability over the early portion of this era, as constrained by the latest generation of deep-sea isotope records. We also consider how this improved perspective has led to the recognition of previously unforeseen mechanisms for altering climate.

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Oct 23, 2012·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·Rod S Hobbs, Garth L Fletcher
Feb 26, 2014·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Xiao-Quan Wang, Jin-Hua Ran
Sep 22, 2012·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Tong LiHong-wei Chen
Sep 22, 2009·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Michael D CrispDavid M J S Bowman
Oct 25, 2011·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Erika Aguirre-PlanterLuis E Eguiarte
Sep 8, 2010·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Edward L StanleyP le Fras N Mouton
Mar 10, 2011·Science·Matthew C MihlbachlerGina M Semprebon
Mar 5, 2016·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Paola Pulido-Santacruz, Jason T Weir
Mar 26, 2015·Journal of Human Evolution·Nicole D GarrettChristian A Tryon
Mar 23, 2002·Journal of Human Evolution·René BobeRalph E Chapman
Feb 5, 2015·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Valeria RizzoIgnacio Ribera
May 24, 2015·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Fernanda P WerneckMiguel T Rodrigues
Sep 27, 2014·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Jérôme FuchsDavid P Mindell
Apr 4, 2015·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Alexandre Pedro SelvattiClaudia Augusta de Moraes Russo
Apr 20, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Oliver JagoutzLeigh Royden
Jun 19, 2002·Journal of Human Evolution·Gregory J RetallackMonte L Mccrossin
Oct 25, 2014·Science·Stella C WoodardKira T Lawrence
Oct 22, 2013·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Kai HeKevin L Campbell
Aug 21, 2013·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Vera OpatovaMiquel A Arnedo
Jul 23, 2013·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Jared D LockwoodSusanne S Renner
May 6, 2014·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Damien D HinsingerNathalie Frascaria-Lacoste
Jun 22, 2011·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Federico LuebertMaximilian Weigend
Jul 31, 2012·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Shanshan DongJochen Heinrichs
Jun 5, 2012·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Fernanda Antunes Carvalho, Susanne S Renner
Jul 31, 2009·Current Biology : CB·Andrew S Brierley, Michael J Kingsford
Oct 6, 2012·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Francesco SantiniMichael E Alfaro
Sep 27, 2014·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Juan C Garcia-RSteve A Trewick
Jul 5, 2013·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·John B IversonColleen Ingram
Feb 12, 2014·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Thomas J GivnishKenneth J Sytsma
Jul 4, 2012·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Thierry DeuveJean-Yves Rasplus
Feb 26, 2013·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Andrea Sánchez MeseguerIsabel Sanmartín
May 31, 2011·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Jérôme FuchsDavid P Mindell
Dec 14, 2011·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Jochen HeinrichsJiří Váňa
Dec 21, 2011·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·P KorniliosB Chondropoulos
Feb 11, 2014·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Naoko IshikawaHirokazu Tsukaya
Nov 30, 2011·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Frédéric DelsucAlexandre Hassanin
Dec 24, 2011·Current Biology : CB·Charles C Davis, Hanno Schaefer
Apr 23, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Stephen T Jackson, Jessica L Blois
Dec 3, 2014·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Nicholas G CrawfordW Brian Simison
Jun 13, 2015·Royal Society Open Science·Felix G Marx, R Ewan Fordyce
Dec 6, 2014·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Jia-bin DengDouglas E Soltis
Dec 3, 2014·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Marloes PoortvlietGalice Hoarau
Mar 17, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Henry WichuraMatthew Clemens
Mar 23, 2011·Plant Science : an International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology·Simen R SandveOdd Arne Rognli
Dec 3, 2014·Journal of Theoretical Biology·Fabio Vittorio De BlasioBirgitte Freiesleben De Blasio
Jul 12, 2011·Current Biology : CB·Mike Hansell
Mar 13, 2015·Biology Letters·Fabien L Condamine, Heather M Hines
Jan 21, 2015·Frontiers in Plant Science·William J Bond
Dec 19, 2014·Frontiers in Genetics·Kate E ArmstrongJames E Richardson
Jan 17, 2015·Science·Regan E DunnAlfredo A Carlini
Feb 13, 2016·Systematic Biology·Danny RojasLiliana M Dávalos
Apr 28, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Maria F MedinaEli Greenbaum
May 7, 2016·Nature Communications·Fabien LeprieurLoïc Pellissier
May 14, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Hui LiRuth E Blake
Aug 30, 2016·Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems : G³·Gerald AuerWerner E Piller
May 29, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·João Fabrício Mota Rodrigues, José Alexandre Felizola Diniz-Filho
May 29, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Jente OttenburghsHerbert H T Prins
Jun 15, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jonathan D MarcotSpencer R Niebuhr
Jun 29, 2016·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Sara ManafzadehElena Conti
Jun 30, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Alexander GehlerAndreas Pack
Jul 5, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Masafumi MatsuiMohamad Yazid Bin Hossman
Jul 11, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Karin TamarShai Meiri
Jul 13, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Thiago AndréChelsea D Specht
Jul 13, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Phillip Q SpinksH Bradley Shaffer
Jul 13, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Leslea J HluskoMichael C Mahaney
Jul 17, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Alex DornburgThomas J Near
Jul 20, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Brett R Riddle
Jul 21, 2016·Scientific Reports·Christian BetzlerJeremy R Young
Aug 12, 2016·Scientific Reports·Fritz Schlunegger, Sébastien Castelltort
Aug 31, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jason T WeirAllan J Baker
Aug 21, 2016·Global Change Biology·Dana H IkedaThomas G Whitham
Jul 28, 2016·The Science of the Total Environment·F M McEvoyS Norris
Sep 8, 2016·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Chris BroeckhovenP le Fras N Mouton
Sep 8, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Tristan Charles-DominiqueWilliam J Bond
Sep 23, 2016·Immunogenetics·Eri KikkawaAkinori Kimura
Sep 23, 2016·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Laurent VuatazMichel Sartori
Oct 5, 2016·Nature Communications·Katie E DavisMatthew A Wills