Triglyceride-rich lipoproteins are associated with hypertension in preeclampsia

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Karl WinklerWinfried März

Abstract

Disorders of the lipoprotein metabolism are a major cause of endothelial dysfunction that may result in hypertension and proteinuria, clinical hallmarks of preeclampsia (PE). Lipoproteins and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) subfractions were investigated in 15 women with severe PE and compared with 23 women with a normal course of pregnancy. Compared with normal pregnancy, in PE apolipoprotein (apo)B in very low-density lipoprotein was increased by 76% (P = 0.008), and the triglyceride content of intermediate dense lipoproteins (IDL) was increased by 51% (P < 0.001); cholesterol and apoB in LDL were decreased by 26% (P = 0.005) and 23% (P = 0.016), respectively. Although not significant, the LDL profile was dominated by the most buoyant LDL-1. ApoB in the most dense LDL (dLDL), namely LDL-5 and LDL-6, was significantly decreased by 49% (P < 0.001) and 55% (P < 0.001), respectively. Diastolic blood pressure was positively correlated with the triglyceride content of IDL (r = 6.31; P < 0.001 and r = 0.352; P = 0.033 by partial correlation controlling for the presence or absence of PE) and negatively correlated with the concentration of apoB in dLDL (r = -0.500; P = 0.002). In addition, IDL triglycerides correlated negatively with in...Continue Reading

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Citations

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