PMID: 9827046Nov 25, 1998

Trimethadione metabolism and microsomal monooxygenases in untreated and phenobarbital-treated rhesus monkeys

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part C, Pharmacology, Toxicology & Endocrinology
E TanakaT Horie

Abstract

The contribution of induced cytochrome P450 (P450) isozymes (CMLa; CYP2B, CMLb; CYP2A and CMLc; CYP3A) and related enzymes to trimethadione (TMO) metabolism in phenobarbital-treated rhesus monkey were investigated. The animals received a single dose of TMO (4 mg kg-1) and plasma samples were withdrawn before this administration and again at 0.08, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 h later. Phenobarbital-treatment (20 mg kg-1 day-1 for 3 days; i.p.) significantly increased the plasma dimethadione (DMO)/TMO ratios at 0.08, 0.5, 1 and 2 h one's appropriate controls. Phenobarbital treatment also increased the P450 content (1.7-fold) and activity of aniline p-hydroxylase (1.3-fold), p-nitroanisole O-demethylase (1.8-fold) and benzphetamine N-demethylase (2.3-fold). The content of CMLa, CMLb and CMLc were increased about 12.8, 2.3 and 2.7-fold by phenobarbital pretreatment, respectively. The activity of TMO N-demethylation was inhibited by anti-P450 CMLa and anti-P450 CMLb. However, the anti-P450 CMLc antibody had no effect on this activity in liver microsomes. The results of both in vivo and in vitro studies of the effects of phenobarbital treatment on TMO metabolism indicate that these effects may be attributed to the induction of CMLa. These find...Continue Reading

References

Nov 1, 1996·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part C, Pharmacology, Toxicology & Endocrinology·E TanakaS Kobayashi

Citations

Nov 9, 2005·Food and Chemical Toxicology : an International Journal Published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association·D E AmacherMichael Mirsky
Apr 18, 2008·European Journal of Pharmacology·Johanna Fink-Gremmels

Related Concepts

Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B (lung microsomal)
P-nitroanisole O-demethylating system
Aniline Hydroxylase
Anticonvulsants
Cytochrome P-450 Oxygenase
Dimethadione
Enzyme Induction
Alloenzymes
Macaca mulatta
Microsomes, Liver

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.