DOI: 10.1101/468959Nov 12, 2018Paper

Triple layered QSAR Studies on Substituted 1,2,4-Trioxanes as potential antimalarial agents: Superiority of the Quantitative Pharmacophore-Based Alignment, Over Common Substructure based Alignment

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Amit K Gupta, Anil K Saxena

Abstract

The present study reports the utilization of three approaches viz Pharmacophore, CoMFA, CoMSIA and HQSAR studies to identify the essential structural requirements in 3D chemical space for the modulation of the antimalarial activity of substituted 1,2,4 trioxanes. The superiority of Quantitative pharmacophore based alignment (QuantitativePBA) over global minima energy conformer-based alignment (GMCBA) has been reported in CoMFA and CoMSIA studies. The developed models showed good statistical significance in internal validation (q2, group cross-validation and bootstrapping) and performed very well in predicting antimalarial activity of test set compounds. Structural features in terms of their steric, electrostatic, and hydrophobic interactions in 3D space have been found important for the antimalarial activity of substituted 1,2,4-trioxanes. Further, the HQSAR studies based on the same training and test set acted as an additional tool to find the sub-structural fingerprints of substituted 1,2,4 trioxanes for their antimalarial activity. Together, these studies may facilitate the design and discovery of new substituted 1,2,4-trioxane with potent antimalarial activity.

Related Concepts

Antimalarials
Blood Substitutes
Three-dimensional
Pharmacophore
ComF1 protein, Bacillus subtilis
Structure
Cross Validation
Validation
1,2,4-trioxane
Compound (Substance)

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