DOI: 10.1101/487314Dec 4, 2018Paper

Trogocytosis by Entamoeba histolytica mediates acquisition and display of human cell membrane proteins and evasion of lysis by human serum

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Hannah Warkentin MillerKatherine S Ralston

Abstract

Entamoeba histolytica is the protozoan parasite responsible for amoebiasis. We previously showed that E. histolytica kills human cells through a mechanism that we termed trogocytosis (trogo-: nibble), due to its resemblance to trogocytosis in other organisms. In parasites, trogocytosis is used to kill host cells. In multicellular organisms, trogocytosis is used for cell-cell interactions in the immune system, in the central nervous system, and during development. Thus, nibbling is an emerging theme in cell-cell interactions both within and between species, and it is relevant to host-pathogen interactions in many different contexts. When trogocytosis occurs between mammalian immune cells, cell membrane proteins from the nibbled cell can be acquired and displayed by the recipient cell. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that through trogocytosis of human cells, amoebae acquire and display human cell membrane proteins. Here we demonstrate for the first time that through trogocytosis, E. histolytica acquires and displays human cell membrane proteins and that this leads to protection from lysis by human serum. Protection from human serum only occurs after amoebae have undergone trogocytosis of live cells, but not phagocytosis o...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Amoeba genus
Cell Communication
Plasma Membrane
Amebic Colitis
Entamoeba histolytica
Membrane Proteins
Parasites
Phagocytosis
Serum
Immune Effector Cell

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