Trophoblastic invasion of the uterine epithelium in Calomys callosus (Rodentia, Cricetidae)

Journal of Morphology
E A V Ferro, E Bevilacqua

Abstract

Implantation sites in the uterus of the cricetid rodent Calomys callosus were examined by light and electron microscopy at several points during day 4 of pregnancy to determine the changes occurring in the trophoblast and epithelial cells during the early blastocyst-endometrial relationship, particularly the epithelial removal phase. By morning, the blastocysts had already lodged in the antimesometrial region of the uterine crypts and the embryo-maternal interaction was limited to sparse contacts between the epithelial microvilli and the trophoblast surface. A few dense and altered epithelial cells were present. Three zones could be distinguished in the stromal region. In the subepithelial area, the stromal cells showed features similar to those found in other rodents during the early decidualization process. Effective epithelial invasion by the trophoblast occurred only in the evening, although at noon, apposition and attachment phases were identifiable. During invasion, the trophoblast processes were first seen insinuating between the epithelial cells, projecting towards the basal lamina, and finally replacing these cells. The epithelial cells in contact with the invading trophoblast exhibited severe disorganization similar t...Continue Reading

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