Tropical forests were the primary sources of new agricultural land in the 1980s and 1990s

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Holly K GibbsJonathan A Foley

Abstract

Global demand for agricultural products such as food, feed, and fuel is now a major driver of cropland and pasture expansion across much of the developing world. Whether these new agricultural lands replace forests, degraded forests, or grasslands greatly influences the environmental consequences of expansion. Although the general pattern is known, there still is no definitive quantification of these land-cover changes. Here we analyze the rich, pan-tropical database of classified Landsat scenes created by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations to examine pathways of agricultural expansion across the major tropical forest regions in the 1980s and 1990s and use this information to highlight the future land conversions that probably will be needed to meet mounting demand for agricultural products. Across the tropics, we find that between 1980 and 2000 more than 55% of new agricultural land came at the expense of intact forests, and another 28% came from disturbed forests. This study underscores the potential consequences of unabated agricultural expansion for forest conservation and carbon emissions.

References

May 26, 1999·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·N Alexandratos
Apr 17, 2001·Science·D TilmanD Swackhamer
Aug 10, 2002·Science·Frédéric AchardJean-Paul Malingreau
Oct 18, 2002·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Ruth S DeFriesJohn Townshend
Dec 25, 2004·Science·Rhys E GreenAndrew Balmford
Jul 26, 2005·Science·Jonathan A FoleyPeter K Snyder
Sep 16, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Douglas C MortonJeff Morisette
Dec 22, 2006·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Daniel C NepstadOriana T Almeida
Dec 15, 2007·Science·William F Laurance
Jan 11, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Alan Grainger
Jan 12, 2008·Environmental Science & Technology·Matt Johnston, Tracey Holloway
Feb 9, 2008·Science·Joseph FargionePeter Hawthorne
Feb 13, 2008·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Daniel C NepstadFrank Merry
Jul 2, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Matthew C HansenCharlene Dimiceli
Jul 16, 2008·Science·Keith L Kline, Virginia H Dale
Dec 4, 2009·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Thomas K RudelRicardo Grau

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Apr 25, 2012·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Luis Alfaro Cardoso
Oct 14, 2011·Nature·Jonathan A FoleyDavid P M Zaks
Nov 17, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Patrick MeyfroidtEric F Lambin
Mar 9, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Lian Pin KohJaboury Ghazoul
Feb 16, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Eric F Lambin, Patrick Meyfroidt
Jun 2, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Gary D PaoliDeborah Lawrence
Apr 24, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Kimberly M CarlsonHermann O Rodrigues
May 15, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jeffrey Sayer, Kenneth G Cassman
May 15, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·James R StevensonMywish Maredia
Feb 23, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Christopher K Wright, Michael C Wimberly
Apr 7, 2012·Interface Focus·Andre M NassarMarcelo R Moreira
Apr 3, 2012·Journal of the Royal Society, Interface·Susan Tarka SanchezRick Malpas
Apr 27, 2012·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Andrew BalmfordBen Phalan
Nov 8, 2013·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Philip A MartinJames M Bullock
Aug 17, 2011·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Piero ViscontiCarlo Rondinini
Nov 26, 2011·BMC Ecology·Raf Aerts, Olivier Honnay
Apr 12, 2013·Biotechnology for Biofuels·Jennifer B DunnMichael Q Wang
Aug 21, 2012·PloS One·Gustavo R CanaleMaria Cecília M Kierulff
Jan 18, 2013·PloS One·Ben PhalanAndrew Balmford
Nov 3, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Paul C WestJonathan A Foley
Feb 19, 2014·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·G M PoppyT P Dawson
Jan 7, 2014·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·William F LauranceKenneth G Cassman
Feb 26, 2014·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Petr HavlíkAn Notenbaert
Aug 13, 2014·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Justin Andrew JohnsonStephen Polasky
Dec 18, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Mario HerreroMichael Obersteiner
Jun 6, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Ray Hilborn
Oct 29, 2014·Nature Communications·Andrew D BarnesUlrich Brose
Sep 24, 2013·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Larisa Lee-CruzJonathan M Adams
Jan 29, 2016·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Urs KormannMatthew G Betts
Dec 30, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Daniel R Richards, Daniel A Friess
Feb 5, 2013·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Felipe P L MeloMarcelo Tabarelli
Aug 2, 2015·The Science of the Total Environment·Brian MachovinaWilliam J Ripple
Feb 3, 2016·International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife·Filipe Dantas-Torres
Jan 3, 2012·Journal of Environmental Management·De-Li ZhaiZhi-Cong Dai
Oct 7, 2011·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Jedediah BrodieWilliam F Laurance
Mar 19, 2014·Environmental Science & Technology·Nathaniel P Springer, Faye Duchin
Dec 15, 2015·Carbon Balance and Management·Brian J WalshMichael Obersteiner

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Eric F Lambin, Patrick Meyfroidt
Trends in Ecology & Evolution
Emily B FitzherbertBen Phalan
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Thomas K RudelRicardo Grau
Science
Jonathan A FoleyPeter K Snyder
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Matthew C HansenCharlene Dimiceli
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved