Nov 9, 2005

TSLP-activated dendritic cells induce an inflammatory T helper type 2 cell response through OX40 ligand

The Journal of Experimental Medicine
Tomoki ItoYong-Jun Liu

Abstract

We recently showed that dendritic cells (DCs) activated by thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) prime naive CD4(+) T cells to differentiate into T helper type 2 (Th2) cells that produced high amounts of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), but no interleukin (IL)-10. Here we report that TSLP induced human DCs to express OX40 ligand (OX40L) but not IL-12. TSLP-induced OX40L on DCs was required for triggering naive CD4(+) T cells to produce IL-4, -5, and -13. We further revealed the following three novel functional properties of OX40L: (a) OX40L selectively promoted TNF-alpha, but inhibited IL-10 production in developing Th2 cells; (b) OX40L lost the ability to polarize Th2 cells in the presence of IL-12; and (c) OX40L exacerbated IL-12-induced Th1 cell inflammation by promoting TNF-alpha, while inhibiting IL-10. We conclude that OX40L on TSLP-activated DCs triggers Th2 cell polarization in the absence of IL-12, and propose that OX40L can switch IL-10-producing regulatory Th cell responses into TNF-alpha-producing inflammatory Th cell responses.

  • References33
  • Citations463

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

TSLP protein, human
Interleukins
T-Lymphocyte
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Recombinant OX40 Ligand
Edodekin Alfa
Inflammation Mediators
Recombinant Interleukin-10
Proteins, Recombinant DNA
Lymphocyte Activation

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