PMID: 14587562Nov 1, 2003

Tuberculosis in the upper aerodigestive tract and human immunodeficiency virus coinfections

The Journal of Otolaryngology
Somchai SrirompotongSupaporn Srirompotong


To describe the clinical manifestations of tuberculosis in the upper aerodigestive tract. Retrospective chart analysis. Srinagarind Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand. A review of medical records of patients diagnosed with mycobacterial infection of the upper aerodigestive tract between January 1991 and December 2000. Presenting symptoms, clinical findings, pathologic findings, pulmonary involvement, and outcome of treatment. Forty-five patients presented with upper aerodigestive tract tuberculosis. The nasopharynx was involved in 23 patients, the larynx in 16, the tonsils in 6, and the soft palate in 1. One patient had tuberculous infections in both the nasopharynx and tonsils. The mean duration of symptoms before diagnosis was 2.1 months. The pathologic findings included caseous granuloma and/or positive acid-fast bacilli (AFB) in 39 cases and chronic granulomatous inflammation with negative AFB in 6 cases. Pulmonary tuberculosis was found in 19 of the 36 patients who underwent radiography. A positive serologic test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was found in 4 of 26 patients. These 26 patients, who received a full course of treatment, respo...Continue Reading


Aug 13, 2011·Archivos de bronconeumología·Ainhoa García-LliberósConsuelo Calabuig
Sep 26, 2018·BMJ Case Reports·Swetha SasikumarRajendiran Swaminathan

Related Concepts

Nasopharyngeal Diseases
Otolaryngology Specialty
Benign Neoplasm of Larynx
Tuberculosis, Meningeal
Laryngeal Diseases
HIV Infections
Radiography, Thoracic

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