May 1, 2013

Tubulin polymerization-promoting protein (TPPP/p25α) promotes unconventional secretion of α-synuclein through exophagy by impairing autophagosome-lysosome fusion

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Patrick EjlerskovFrederik Vilhardt

Abstract

Aggregation of α-synuclein can be promoted by the tubulin polymerization-promoting protein/p25α, which we have used here as a tool to study the role of autophagy in the clearance of α-synuclein. In NGF-differentiated PC12 catecholaminergic nerve cells, we show that de novo expressed p25α co-localizes with α-synuclein and causes its aggregation and distribution into autophagosomes. However, p25α also lowered the mobility of autophagosomes and hindered the final maturation of autophagosomes by preventing their fusion with lysosomes for the final degradation of α-synuclein. Instead, p25α caused a 4-fold increase in the basal level of α-synuclein secreted into the medium. Secretion was strictly dependent on autophagy and could be up-regulated (trehalose and Rab1A) or down-regulated (3-methyladenine and ATG5 shRNA) by enhancers or inhibitors of autophagy or by modulating minus-end-directed (HDAC6 shRNA) or plus-end-directed (Rab8) trafficking of autophagosomes along microtubules. Finally, we show in the absence of tubulin polymerization-promoting protein/p25α that α-synuclein release was modulated by dominant mutants of Rab27A, known to regulate exocytosis of late endosomal (and amphisomal) elements, and that both lysosomal fusion b...Continue Reading

  • References65
  • Citations49

References

  • References65
  • Citations49

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Nerve Growth Factor gamma Subunit
Lysosome Assembly Pathway
Protein Digestion
Gene Knockdown Techniques
Microtubule-Associated Protein 3
Rab8 protein, rat
Cytoplasmic Vesicles
Rapamune
Secretory Pathway
Neurons

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