Oct 5, 2001

Tumor necrosis factor(alpha) and insulin-like growth factor-I in the brain: is the whole greater than the sum of its parts?

Journal of Neuroimmunology
H D VentersK W Kelley

Abstract

The cytokine tumor necrosis factor(alpha) (TNFalpha) and the hormone insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) have both been shown to regulate inflammatory events in the central nervous system (CNS). This review summarizes the seemingly independent roles of TNFalpha and IGF-I in promoting and inhibiting neurodegenerative diseases. We then offer evidence that the combined effects of IGF-I and TNFalpha on neuronal survival can be vastly different when both receptors are stimulated simultaneously, as is likely to occur in vivo. We propose the framework of a molecular model of hormone-cytokine receptor cross talk in which disparate cell surface receptors share intracellular substrates that regulate neuronal survival.

Mentioned in this Paper

Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Necrosis
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Protoplasm
Brain
Receptors, Cell Surface
Neuronal
Cytokine
TNF gene
Tumor Necrosis Factors

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.