Tumor type M2 pyruvate kinase expression in gastric cancer, colorectal cancer and controls

World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG
Bo ZhangPing Shen

Abstract

Tumor formation is generally linked to an expansion of glycolytic phosphometabolite pools and aerobic glycolytic flux rates. To achieve this, tumor cells generally overexpress a special glycolytic isoenzyme, termed pyruvate kinase type M(2). The present study was designed to evaluate the use of a new tumor marker, tumor M(2)-PK, in discriminating gastrointestinal cancer patients from healthy controls, and to compare with the reference tumor markers CEA and CA72-4. The concentration of tumor M(2)-PK in body fluids could be quantitatively determined by a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-kit (ScheBo Tech, Giessen, Germany). By using this kit, the tumor M(2)-PK concentration was measured in EDTA-plasma of 108 patients. For the healthy blood donors a cut-off value of 15 U/mL was evaluated, which corresponded to 90% specificity. Overall 108 patients were included in this study, 54 patients had a histological confirmed gastric cancer, 54 patients colorectal cancer, and 20 healthy volunteers served as controls. The cut-off value to discriminate patients from controls was established at 15 U/mL for tumor M(2)-PK. The mean tumor M(2)-PK concentration of gastric cancer was 26.937 U/mL. According to the TNM ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
TNM Staging System
R-Type Pyruvate Kinase
Statistical Sensitivity
Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer
Tumor Markers
Colorectal Neoplasms

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