PMID: 3142769Nov 1, 1988

Tuna pepsinogens and pepsins. Purification, characterization and amino-terminal sequences

European Journal of Biochemistry
M TanjiK Takahashi

Abstract

Three pepsinogens (pepsinogens 1, 2, and 3) were purified from the gastric mucosa of the North Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynuus orientalis). Their molecular masses were determined to be 40.4 kDa, 37.8 kDa, and 40.1 kDa, respectively, by SDS/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. They contained relatively large numbers of basic residues when compared with mammalian pepsinogens. Upon activation at pH 2.0, pepsinogens 1 and 2 were converted to the corresponding pepsins, in a stepwise manner through intermediate forms, whereas pepsinogen 3 was converted to pepsin 3 directly. The optimal pH of each pepsin for hemoglobin digestion was around 2.5. N-acetyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-diiodotyrosine was scarcely hydrolyzed be each pepsin. Pepstatin, diazoacetyl-DL-norleucine methyl ester in the presence of Cu2+, 1,2-epoxy-3-(p-nitrophenoxy)propane and p-bromophenacyl bromide inhibited each pepsin, although the extent of inhibition by each reagent differed significantly among the three pepsins. The amino acid sequences of the activation segments of these pepsinogens were determined together with the sequences of the NH2-terminal regions of pepsins. Similarities in the activation segment region among the three tuna pepsinogens were rather low, ra...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Pepsinogen B
SDS-PAGE
Structure of Pyloric Gland
Tuna (fish)
Pepsin 3
Turtle
Immunodiffusion Measurement
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Enzyme Activation
Biological Evolution

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