Twenty-year follow-up of acquired renal cystic disease
Since 1979 the diseased kidneys of 96 patients on replacement therapy with chronic renal failure due to chronic glomerulonephritis have been followed to investigate the development of acquired cysts and tumors. This is a report of the 20-year follow-up. Ninety-six patients were followed using periodic CT scan and were divided into hemodialysis, renal transplantation, bilateral nephrectomy and deceased groups during the follow-up. In the hemodialysis group, 36 patients (19 males, 17 females) were followed for 20 years. Kidney volumes which were 57.8 (1.51) (geometric mean (geometric SD)) ml at start of the follow-up had become 185.3 (2.03) ml 20 years later in males, and in females, 57.3 (1.64) ml had become 99.7 (2.36) ml. The increased rate was 3.2 (2.06) fold in males and 1.7 (2.57) fold in females. This enlargement of the kidneys was due to acquired cysts. Kidney volumes at the 20-year follow-up had increased more significantly than those at the 15-year follow-up in males; however, kidney volumes at the 20-year follow-up had not changed in females, if compared with data at the 15-year follow-up. Kidney volumes in males at 20-year follow-up were significantly larger than those in females (p = 0.0232). Males with more than 3.2...Continue Reading
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