Two alpha-glucosidases in cultured amniotic fluid cells and their differentiation in the prenatal diagnosis of Pompe's disease

Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
A FujimotoM G Wilson

Abstract

A sensitive fluorometric assay utilizing 4-methylumbelliferyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside has been developed for the determination of alpha-glucosidase. The enhanced sensitivity was achieved by increasing the solubility of the substrate with a water miscible organic solvent. With this system, cultured amniotic fluid cells were found to have two major forms of alpha-glucosidase with somewhat overlapping acidic pH optima; one with pH optimum at 4.5 is deficient in Pompe's disease (type II glycogenosis), while one with pH optimum at 6.0 is not affected in this disease. Specificity for the pH 4 form of alpha-glucosidase was achieved by exploiting the greater thermal lability of the pH 6 enzyme. The pH 6 form of the enzyme was also detectable in freshly prepared extracts of cultured fibroblasts. The procedure is direct and simple and has been applied to the prenatal diagnosis in two pregnancies at risk for Pompe's disease.

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Related Concepts

Amniotic Fluid Index
Clinical Enzyme Tests (Procedure)
Glucosidase
Glycogen Storage Disease
Generalized Glycogen Storage Disease of Infants
Hot Temperature
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Alloenzymes
Antenatal Screening Procedures
Fluorescence Spectroscopy

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