Two bifunctional inositol pyrophosphate kinases/phosphatases control plant phosphate homeostasis.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jinsheng ZhuMichael Hothorn

Abstract

Many eukaryotic proteins regulating phosphate (Pi) homeostasis contain SPX domains. We have previously shown that these domains act as cellular receptors for inositol pyrophosphate (PP-InsP) signaling molecules, suggesting that PP-InsPs may regulate Pi homeostasis. Here we report that simultaneous deletion of two diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate kinases VIH1 and 2 in Arabidopsis impairs plant growth and leads to constitutive Pi starvation responses. We demonstrate that VIH1 and VIH2 are bifunctional cytosolic enzymes able to generate and break-down PP-InsPs. Point-mutants targeting the kinase and phosphatase active sites have opposing effects on plant Pi content and Pi starvation responses, while VIH1 and VIH2 protein levels remain constant in different Pi growth conditions. Enzymatic assays reveal that ATP-Mg2+ substrate levels can shift the relative kinase and phosphatase activities of full-length diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate kinases. Deletion of phosphate starvation response transcription factors rescues vih1 vih2 mutant phenotypes, placing diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate kinases and PP-InsPs in plant phosphate signal transduction cascades. We propose that VIH1 and VIH2 relay changes in cellular ATP concentrati...Continue Reading

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Gene Deletion
Growth Inhibitors
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Arabidopsis thaliana <plant>
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