PMID: 7993120Dec 1, 1994Paper

Two cases of malignant effusion treated successfully by loco-regional administration of carboplatin

Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
J TakahashiT Sato

Abstract

We encountered two cases of malignant effusion treated successfully by loco-regional administration of carboplatin (CBDCA). One case was a 60-year-old male showing recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (adenocarcinoma) with pericarditis carcinomatosa. A drainage from the pericardial cavity was performed and a total dose of 600 mg (single dose, 300 mg) of CBDCA was administered into the cavity. Malignant effusion disappeared and radiographic improvement was also observed. No pericardial effusion was observed for about 4 months after the loco-regional treatment, till he died of lung cancer. Another case was a 58-year-old male having invasive thymoma (mixed cell type) with pleuritis carcinomatosa. He received palliative radiation therapy and systemic cancer chemotherapy concurrently. As a loco-regional therapy, drainage from the pleural cavity was performed, and 300 mg of CBDCA and 10 KE of OK-432 were administered into the cavity. A remarkable reduction of pleural effusion was observed after the therapy. No increase of pleural effusion has been observed radiographically for about 18 months, and the patient is still alive with the tumor. The side effects due to loco-regional administration of CBDCA were quite tolerable in both cases.

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