Two-frequency analysis of respiratory mechanics in artificially ventilated rabbits

Respiration Physiology
R PeslinC Duvivier

Abstract

The frequency dependence of respiratory mechanical properties was studied in 10 paralyzed, artificially ventilated rabbits, by superimposing a single sinusoidal signal with a frequency of 10, 20 or 30 Hz upon the ventilator waveform. The tracheal pressure and flow signals were analyzed both with the usual first order model, which provided total respiratory elastance (Ers) and resistance (Rrs), and by Fourier analysis, which provided respiratory impedance (Zrs) at the breathing frequency (0.85 Hz) and at the superimposed oscillation frequency. The real part of Zrs (Re(Zrs)) decreased by 30% from 0.85 to 10 Hz (P < 0.001), but did not vary significantly from 10 to 30 Hz. This finding is satisfactorily explained by tissue viscoelasticity. Following a histamine aerosol, the frequency dependence of Re(Zrs) changed very little in three out of four rabbits, but increased substantially in the fourth. In that instance, assuming that lung hysteresivity was not markedly modified by histamine, the results suggest inhomogeneous airway obstruction and/or airway wall shunting.

References

Nov 1, 1975·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·E D MichaelsonW R Peters
Dec 1, 1992·Respiration Physiology·P DewachterM C Laxenaire
Nov 1, 1991·Respiration Physiology·R PeslinC Choné
Jul 1, 1989·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·K J SullivanH K Chang

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Nov 27, 2007·Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology·François MarchalNoëlle Bertin
Jan 31, 2002·Anesthesiology·Walid HabreFerenc Peták

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.