Two subpopulations of intermediate density lipoprotein and their relationship to plasma triglyceride and cholesterol levels

Atherosclerosis
Barbara J MeyerC J Packard

Abstract

We observed the appearance of two intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) subfractions on gradient gel electrophoresis of lipoproteins in the density range 1.006-1.030 g/ml and estimated their approximate concentrations in plasma in subjects with a wide range of lipid levels, from 0.55 to 28.0 mmol/l plasma triglyceride and 3.75-10.0 mmol/l cholesterol. The larger species, IDL-I (31.7 +/- 0.7 nm, mean +/- SD), showed little variation in size in normal and moderate hyperlipidaemic individuals. The estimated concentration of IDL-I was positively related to plasma triglyceride (r = 0.63, P = 0.0004) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (r = 0.68, P = 0.0003). These findings are consistent with the view that IDL-I is a metabolic intermediate between very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and LDL. The smaller subfraction, IDL-II (25.7 +/- 2.4 nm) was virtually the only true species observed in subjects with plasma triglyceride < 1.0 mmol/l and its estimated concentration fell as plasma triglyceride increased (r = -0.58, P = 0.0002). IDL-II particle size changed in concert with LDL particle size (r = 0.61, P < 0.0001), suggesting that they were influenced by common metabolic factors. These observations provide further support fo...Continue Reading

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