PMID: 3375404Mar 1, 1988Paper

Type A behavior and angiographically documented coronary atherosclerosis in a sample of 2,289 patients

Psychosomatic Medicine
R B WilliamsB Peterson

Abstract

To determine the relationship between Type A behavior pattern and angiographically documented coronary atherosclerosis (CAD), we analyzed risk factor, behavioral, and angiographic data collected on 2,289 patients undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography at Duke University Medical Center between 1974 and 1980. Multivariable analyses using ordinal logistic regression techniques showed that Type A behavior as assessed by the structured interview (SI) is significantly associated with CAD severity after age, sex, hyperlipidemia, smoking, hypertension, and their various significant interactions were controlled for. This relationship, however, is dependent upon age. Among patients aged 45 or younger, Type A's had more severe CAD than did Type B's; among patients aged 46-54, CAD severity was similar between Type A's and B's; and among patients 55 and older, there was a trend toward more severe CAD among Type B's than among Type A's. These Type A-CAD relationships did not appear to be the result of various factors relating to the selection of patients for angiography. Type A behavior as assessed by the Jenkins Activity Survey was unrelated to CAD severity. These findings suggest that SI-determined Type A behavior is associated with mo...Continue Reading

Associated Clinical Trials

Citations

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