Tyrosine hydroxylase and the conversion of L-thyroxine into 3',3,5-triiodo-L-thyronone in the rat

Endocrinology
A PascualG M de Escobar

Abstract

We have studied the effects of alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (alpha-MPT), an inhibitor of tyrosine hydroxylase, on the in vivo conversion of L-T4 (T4) to 3',3,5-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3), and on the biological effectiveness of T4. Thyroidectomized rats were used and were injected daily with T4 maintenance doses. Three different types of experiments were carred out. The first involved isotopic equilibration with 125I-labeled T4 and measurement of urinary 125I excretion. The second series involved the injection of a single dose of [125I]T4, with the amounts of [125I]T3 in different tissues being studied 7 or 20 h later. The third series involved daily treatment for 13 days with T4 and alpha-MPT, at the end of ehich the liver alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase activity was measured as a parameter of the biological effects of the hormone. Though the experimental approaches used clearly disclosed the well known effects of 6-propyl-2-thiouracil, no clear-cut effects of alpha-MPT were observed. It is concluded that alpha-MPT neither inhibits the conversion of T4 to T3 in vivo in rats nor affects the biological potency of a given dose of T4, at least to an extent compararble to that observed when 6-propyl-2-thiouracil is used. Thus, present...Continue Reading

References

Feb 1, 1987·Journal of Endocrinological Investigation·A Pascual

Related Concepts

Novothyral
Brain
Synthetic Levothyroxine
Myocardium
Kidney
Body Excretions
l-Thyroxine [EPC]
Excretory Function
Propylthiouracil
Alpha-Methyltyrosine

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.