Ultrastructural changes in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells exposed to 80% O2 in vitro

In Vitro
S L LeeB L Fanburg


Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells in culture were exposed for up to 7 d to a gas mixture containing 80% O2, 5% CO2, and 15% N2 (hyperoxia) and were compared by phase contrast and electron microscopy to cells exposed to a gas mixture containing 20% O2, 5% CO2, and 75% N2. Cells exposed to hyperoxia became enlarged and showed vacuolization and increased lysosomes within 24 to 48 h. These changes were progressive over the 7 d period of exposure. Between 3 and 7 d of exposure to hyperoxia the cells showed reductions in polysomes and endoplasmic reticulum. Despite the other marked cytoplasmic changes, the appearance of mitochondria of oxygen-exposed cells remained unchanged from those of air-exposed cells throughout the 7 d period. Preconfluent and confluent cells responded qualitatively similarly to hyperoxia, but morphological evidence of injury occurred more rapidly for preconfluent cells. We conclude that the initial early structural injury of the endothelial cell exposed to hyperoxia occurs in lysosomes and that the mitochondrial structure is relatively resistant to injury.


Jul 10, 1980·The New England Journal of Medicine·S M Deneke, B L Fanburg
Jun 1, 1981·Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology·E R Block, S A Stalcup


Feb 1, 1988·In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology : Journal of the Tissue Culture Association·G K InnesK E Hobbs
Nov 1, 1990·American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology·C M HartE R Block
Sep 1, 1992·American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology·D T PhelpsB L Fanburg
Dec 3, 2013·The FEBS Journal·Kristina WilhelmChristopher M Waters
Nov 30, 1984·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·B N Yamaja SettyM J Stuart
May 1, 1996·Human & Experimental Toxicology·J N HughesG D Griffiths

Related Concepts

Bos indicus
Electron Microscopy
Microscopy, Phase-Contrast
Pulmonary Artery Structure

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.