Ultrastructural changes of adult Schistosoma mansoni worms recovered from C57BL/6 mice passively immunized with normal and vaccinated rabbit sera in vivo.

Parasitology Research
Sherif H AbdeenAllal Ouhtit

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to explore the role of humoral immunity against Schistosoma mansoni infection in C57BL/6 mice using highly resistant rabbits that had been exposed to three separate immunizations with ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated cercariae (8,000 attenuated cercariae/rabbit in each immunization), and their sera were tested for their ability to transfer protection against S. mansoni challenge. The present study showed the reduction in challenge worm burden had reached 32.76-43.64% when compared with recipients of normal serum or no serum. The surface topography of the worms collected from immunized mice with either normal rabbit sera (NRS) or vaccinated rabbit sera (VRS) revealed severe tegumental alterations, especially in the VRS group. Worms collected from groups that were immunized by NRS or VRS postinfection (200 normal cercariae/mouse) by day 42. Worms from group immunized with NRS showed damage in the tegument, characterized by severe swelling or erosion of tegumental folds, accompanied by changes in tubercles, swelling, shortening, and loss of spines in male worms. The alteration in female tegument was characterized by swelling of tegumental folds, atrophy of ventral sucker, damage of sensory papillae along all...Continue Reading

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