Aug 1, 1976

Ultrastructural changes of the canine gastric mucosa after topical application of graded concentrations of ethanol

The American Journal of Digestive Diseases
V P DinosoJ McNiff


Changes in the fine structure of the gastric mucosa following exposure to graded concentrations of ethanol were studied in dogs. 300 ml of 12.5, 20, and 40%, vol/vol, were instilled intragastrically for 30 min. Mucosa from the midbody and midantrum along the greater curvature was examined by light and electron microscopy. Ethanol produced a gradation of changes in the surface epithelial cells and in the lamina propria without affecting the parietal cells and chief cells. 12.5% ethanol produced widened and irregular intercellular spaces while 20 and 40% disrupted the apical cell membrane with concomitant exudation of mucin into the gastric lumen. These changes were more severe after 40% ethanol. The tight junction between cells remained intact following exposure to the lower concentrations of ethanol, but focal separation of cell junctions was observed in severely damaged areas. Quantitation of protein, sodium, and potassium concentrations in the gastric contents revealed marked increases following exposure to ethanol which correlated with the concentration. These studies provide additional morphological data on the relationship between structural changes and functional abnormalities induced by agents which break the gastric muc...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Middle Region of Body
Gastric Content
Ethanol Measurement
Mucin-1 protein
Greater Curvature of Stomach
Squamous Transitional Epithelial Cell Count
Extracellular Space

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