Jan 1, 1993

Ultrastructural findings in solar retinopathy

Eye
M W Hope-RossD B Archer

Abstract

This study documents the ultrastructural findings in a case of solar retinopathy, 6 days after sungazing. A malignant melanoma of the choroid was diagnosed in a 65-year-old man. On fundoscopy, the macula was normal. The patient agreed to stare at the sun prior to enucleation. A typical solar retinopathy developed, characterised by a small, reddish, sharply circumscribed depression in the foveal area. Structural examination of the fovea and parafovea revealed a spectrum of cone and rod outer segment changes including vesiculation and fragmentation of the photoreceptor lamellae and the presence of discrete 100-120 nm whorls within the disc membranes. Many photoreceptor cells, particularly the parafoveal rods, also demonstrated mitochondrial swelling and nuclear pyknosis. Scattered retinal pigment epithelial cells in the fovea and parafovea showed a degeneration characterised by loss of plasma membrane specialisations, swelling of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum and changes in the fine structure of the lipofuscin granules. The good visual prognosis in solar retinopathy was attributed to the resistance of the foveal cone cells to photochemical damage.

  • References11
  • Citations40
  • References11
  • Citations40

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Sunlight
Retinal Diseases
Retinal Degeneration
Electron Microscopy
Mitochondrial Swelling
Retina
Rod Cell Outer Segment
Structure of Fovea Centralis
Diabetic Retinopathy
Melanoma

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Related Papers

Ophthalmologica. Journal international d'ophtalmologie. International journal of ophthalmology. Zeitschrift für Augenheilkunde
Marco CodenottiRosario Brancato
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Für Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie
L S AtmacaD Can
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved