Jun 26, 1998

Ultrastructural modifications of the extracellular matrix upon calcification of growth plate cartilage as revealed by quick-freeze deep etching technique

Calcified Tissue International
T AkisakaM Inoue

Abstract

The ultrastructural changes in cartilage matrix that occur during calcification have been examined in chick epiphyseal growth plate cartilage prepared by quick-frozen, deep-etched, and rotary shadowed replicas. The extracellular cartilage matrix contains a reticular network closely associated with an extensive network of collagen. The components of the reticular network, including thick and thin filaments, are attached directly to the cell membrane, matrix vesicle membrane, and collagen fibrils. This network, which interconnects the matrix vesicles and collagen, fills the extracellular matrix. The dimensions of the reticular network seem to remain almost constant in size from the reserve and proliferative zones to the calcifying zone. The collagen fibrils seem to consist of subfibrillar structures that branch and anastomose. In optimally quick-frozen, deep-etched, prepared collagen, a cross-banding pattern was exposed. Globular structures stud the collagen fibrils, which gradually diminish in number from the reserve zone down to the calcifying zone. The matrix vesicles, when fractured, showed a granular appearance. In most cases, the fracture plane passed through the bilayer of the matrix vesicle membrane. The true surface of t...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations1

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Extracellular
Extracellular Matrix
Vesicle
MATN1
Epiphysis of Bone
Anastomosis
Collagen Location
Physiologic Calcification
Calcification
Cartilage

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.