Aug 24, 2005

Ultraviolet B radiation generates platelet-activating factor-like phospholipids underlying cutaneous damage

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Gopal K MaratheJeffrey B Travers

Abstract

Ultraviolet B light (UVB) causes cutaneous inflammation and cell death, but the agents responsible are not defined. These studies examined the role of the platelet-activating factor (PAF) signaling system in UVB-mediated effects. Expression of the PAF receptor in the PAF receptor-negative epidermoid cell line KB augmented apoptosis in response to UVB irradiation. Overexpression of the PAF receptor in primary human keratinocytes also enhanced UVB-mediated apoptosis in vitro, and it enhanced apoptosis in an in vivo model of human keratinocytes grafted onto severe combined immune-deficient (SCID) mice. To define the mechanism by which UVB activates the PAF receptor, we used mass spectrometry to demonstrate significant amounts of the C4 PAF analogs 1-alkyl-2-(butanoyl and butenoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, as well as native PAF in an epidermal cell line after UVB irradiation. Supplementing the cells with the precursor phospholipid 1-hexadecyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (HAPC) increased the amount of C4 PAF analogs recovered after UVB exposure. We irradiated HAPC directly and found, even in the absence of a photosensitizer, fragmentation to C4-PAF receptor ligands. We conclude UVB photo-oxidizes cellular phosphol...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Dioxygen
Neutrophil Band Cells
Immune System Diseases
Apoptosis, Intrinsic Pathway
Abnormal Fragmented Structure
Calcium
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Keratinocyte
Epidermal Cell
Analog

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