Unaccompanied refugee children and adolescents: the glaring contrast between a legal and a psychological perspective

International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Ilse Derluyn, E Broekaert

Abstract

Unaccompanied refugee children and adolescents are a vulnerable group: they live not only in a relatively difficult situation as minor refugees staying in another country, but also face other risks due to the absence of their parents, such as traumatic experiences, exploitation or abuse. The difficult living situation of these unaccompanied refugee children and adolescents might therefore threaten their emotional well-being, resulting in important emotional and behavioural problems. This 'psychological' perspective shows the necessity of a strongly elaborated reception and care system for these children and adolescents in order to meet their specific situation and needs. Nevertheless, the case study of unaccompanied refugee minors living in Belgium, as explored in this paper, shows that the legal perspective on these youths - considering them as 'refugees' and 'migrants', not as 'children' - is predominantly the starting point to build the care system on. Moreover, this legal perspective contrasts sharply with the psychological perspective, as such that these children and adolescents do not receive appropriate support and care as they need.

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Citations

Feb 5, 2011·Child Psychiatry and Human Development·Julia HuemerHans Steiner
Apr 4, 2009·Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health·Julia HuemerHans Steiner
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Jul 17, 2020·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·María Del Carmen Olmos-GómezEva María Olmedo-Moreno
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Jul 13, 2018·International Journal of Law and Psychiatry·E C C Carla van OsM E Margrite Kalverboer

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