Uncommon opportunistic fungal infections of oral cavity: A review

Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology : JOMFP
Ag DeepaAnna P Joseph

Abstract

The majority of opportunistic oral mucosal fungal infections are due to Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus species. Mucor and Cryptococcus also have a major role in causing oral infections, whereas Geotrichum, Fusarium, Rhodotorula, Saccharomyces and Penicillium marneffei are uncommon pathogens in the oral cavity. The broad spectrum of clinical presentation includes pseudo-membranes, abscesses, ulcers, pustules and extensive tissue necrosis involving bone. This review discusses various uncommon opportunistic fungal infections affecting the oral cavity including their morphology, clinical features and diagnostic methods.

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
biotyping
biopsy
periodic acid Schiff
PCR

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