PMID: 2962636Nov 17, 1987Paper

Uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation. 2. Alternative mechanisms: intrinsic uncoupling or decoupling?

D PietrobonG F Azzone


The mechanism of uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation by carbonyl cyanide p-(trifluoromethoxy)phenylhydrazone (FCCP), oleic acid, and chloroform is further investigated by measuring in the presence of a certain concentration of each type of uncoupler (i) the mitochondrial P/O and respiratory control ratios upon progressive inhibition of the redox pumps and (ii) delta mu H and the rate of either electron transfer or adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis in static head upon progressive inhibition of either the redox or the adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) proton pumps. Chloroform exhibits in all the experiments a behavior very different from that of FCCP and oleic acid. For example, upon addition of antimycin to chloroform-supplemented mitochondria, the respiratory control ratio remains unchanged and the P/O ratio slightly increases (in a certain range of inhibition) instead of decreasing as expected for an increased membrane conductance (and as indeed measured in the presence of either FCCP or oleic acid). From the kinetic model of chemiosmotic free energy coupling described by Pietrobon and Caplan [Pietrobon, D., & Caplan, S.R. (1986) Biochemistry 25, 7690-7696] all the results can be simulated by making the assumption...Continue Reading


Dec 11, 1979·Biochemistry·M C Sorgato, S J Ferguson
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