PMID: 5916951Oct 28, 1966

Underwater vocalization by sea lions: social and mirror stimuli

R J SchustermanJ Schmook


Underwater vocal response of three sea lions (Zalophus californianus) increased under conditions of social interaction. When confronted by their mirror images, two animals increased their number of vocalizations, which included "whinny" sounds, barks, buzzing, and varying patterns of click trains. Click vocalizations showed habituation and recovery when the animals were in the presence of the mirror stimulus.


Sep 22, 2009·The Anatomical Record : Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology·Eric W MontieFrances M D Gulland
Aug 6, 2015·PloS One·Mark O'HaraLudwig Huber
Jun 21, 1969·Nature·R J Schusterman, R F Balliet

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