Apr 4, 2008

Unicellular Ca2+ signaling 'toolkit' at the origin of metazoa

Molecular Biology and Evolution
Xinjiang Cai

Abstract

Ca(2+) signaling pathways control many physiological processes in almost all types of animal cells such as fertilization, muscle contraction, hormone release, and learning and memory. Each animal cell type expresses a unique group of molecules from the Ca(2+) signaling 'toolkit' to control spatiotemporal patterns of Ca(2+) signaling. It is generally believed that the complex Ca(2+) signaling 'toolkit' has arisen from the ancestral multicellular organisms to fit unique physiological roles of specialized cell types. Here, we demonstrate for the first time the presence of an extensive Ca(2+) signaling 'toolkit' in the unicellular choanoflagellate Monosiga brevicollis. Choanoflagellates possess homologues of various types of animal plasma membrane Ca(2+) channels including the store-operated channel, ligand-operated channels, voltage-operated channels, second messenger-operated channels, and 5 out of 6 animal transient receptor potential channel families. Choanoflagellates also contain homologues of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors. Furthermore, choanoflagellates master a complete set of Ca(2+) removal systems including plasma membrane and sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPases and homologues of 3 animal cation/Ca(2+) exc...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Calcium
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Second messenger
Homologous Sequences, Amino Acid
Calcium Channel
Phylogeny
Inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate receptor
Cations
Cell Type

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