Jan 20, 1999

Universal isolation of cross-linked peptides: application to neurofibrillary tangles

Bioconjugate Chemistry
X ChenV E Anderson

Abstract

A universal procedure to isolate cross-linked peptides has been demonstrated. The procedure relies on initially converting the epsilon-amino groups of lysine to dimethyl lysine by reductive methylation with sodium cyanoborohydride and formaldehyde. The lysine-modified protein is proteolytically cleaved and the resulting alpha-amino groups derivatized with methoxypoly(ethylene glycol)5000 succinyl hydroxysuccinimide. Any unintentional derivatization of tyrosine side chains can be reversed by incubation under mildly alkaline conditions. The cross-linked polypeptides contain two poly(ethylene glycol)5000 chains while non-cross-linked peptides contain a single poly(ethylene glycol)5000 chain. The two populations of peptides can be separated by gel filtration chromatography. This procedure has been shown capable of isolating cross-linked peptides using glutathione, lysozyme, chemically cross-linked hemoglobin, and neurofibrillary tangles isolated from the brain of a case of Alzheimer's disease.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Familial Alzheimer Disease (FAD)
Neurofibrillary Degeneration (Morphologic Abnormality)
Alzheimer's Disease
Diffuse Neurofibrillary Tangles With Calcification
Polypeptides
Vigilon
Succinimides
Lysine Hydrochloride
Molecular Sieve Chromatography
Hydrolysis

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