Unstable angina pectoris

American Heart Journal
J A CairnsG A Klassen

Abstract

Unstable angina is a syndrome which comprises a spectrum of symptomatic manifestations of coronary artery disease which lies between stable angina pectoris and acute myocardial infarction. Patients fall into three groups: angina of recent onset (4 weeks), angina of changing pattern, and angina occurring at rest (longer than 15 minutes). The syndrome may presage acute myocardial infarction or sudden death, or may itself be the manifestation of a myocardial infarction. The pathophysiology may involve primary cardiac events or extracardiac precipitating factors, and does not appear to be the consequence of a particular anatomic pattern of coronary artery disease. Pain may occur as a result of regional reduction of coronary flow to pressure-dependent areas of myocardium during states of increased myocardial oxygen demand. Persisting ischemia leads to infarction via a series of events which may include myocardial edema formation, increased beta-sympathetic tone, and others which have been experimentally modified by interventions designed to limit infarct size. Although the incidence of acute myocardial infarction and death was high in early studies, in recent reports acute infarction occurs in under 15.5 per cent and death in under ...Continue Reading

References

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Related Concepts

Trichohepatoenteric Syndrome
Ischemia
Coronary Artery Disease
Angiocardiography
Myocardium
Myocardial Infarction
Coronary Arteriosclerosis
Angina Pectoris
Nitrates
Heart

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