Unsuspected congenital heart disease in neonates receiving extracorporeal life support: a review of ninety-five cases from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry
The Journal of Pediatrics
J M PalmisanoS M Revesz
The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of patients with congenital heart disease who were given extracorporeal life support (ECLS) for respiratory failure. Underlying congenital heart disease "masked" by respiratory failure occurred in 2%. The most frequent pre-ECLS diagnosis that "masked" congenital heart disease was persistent fetal circulation. Of neonates with a pre-ECLS diagnosis of persistent fetal circulation, congenital heart disease was found in 56 (9%) of 623 patients.
Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.