Apr 11, 2020

A loss-of-function mutation in IL-17F enhances susceptibility of mice to oropharyngeal candidiasis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
C. ZhouSarah gaffen

Abstract

Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) is an opportunistic infection of the oral mucosa caused by the commensal fungus C. albicans. IL-17 receptor signaling is essential to prevent OPC in mice and humans, but the individual roles of its ligands, IL-17A, IL-17F and IL-17AF, are less clear. A homozygous IL-17F deficiency in mice does not cause OPC susceptibility, whereas mice lacking IL-17A are moderately susceptible. In humans, a rare heterozygous mutation in IL-17F (IL-17F.S65L) was identified that causes chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, suggesting the existence of essential antifungal pathways mediated by IL-17F and/or IL-17AF. To investigate the role of IL-17F and IL-17AF in more detail, we exploited this experiment of nature by creating a mouse line bearing the homologous mutation in IL-17F (Ser65Leu) by CRISPR/Cas9.The resulting Il17fS65L/S65L mice showed increased susceptibility to OPC, but only in homozygous, not heterozygous, mutant mice. The mutation was linked to impaired CXC chemokine expression and neutrophil recruitment to the infected tongue but not to alterations in antimicrobial peptide expression. These findings suggest mechanisms by which the enigmatic cytokine IL-17F contributes to host defense against fungi.

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Patterns
Cortex Bone Disorders
Adrenal Cortex Diseases
Neostriatum
Neurons
Sensorimotor Cortex
Etiology
Parkinsonian Disorders
Dyskinetic Syndrome
Oxidopamine

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Basal Ganglia

Basal Ganglia are a group of subcortical nuclei in the brain associated with control of voluntary motor movements, procedural and habit learning, emotion, and cognition. Here is the latest research.