Up-regulated Expression and Related Gene Regulatory Networks of ANLN Predict Poor Prognosis and Correlate with Immune Infiltration in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

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Bo HuXinting Sang

Abstract

Background: The aberrant Anillin (ANLN) expression is reported to be associated with carcinogenesis. In this study, sequencing data collected from the Cancer Genome Atlas database were utilized to analyze ANLN expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods: The relationships of clinicopathological features with ANLN were investigated, and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was performed to reveal the ANLN-related functions. LinkedOmics was employed to identify the co-expressed genes of ANLN and to examine the target networks of kinases, microRNAs (miRNAs) and transcription factors (TFs). Besides, the correlation of ANLN expression with cancer immune infiltrates was analyzed by TIMER. Results: ANLN over-expression predicted dismal prognosis, and GESA results revealed several functions that were related to cell cycle and mRNA binding. Moreover, functional network analysis indicated that, ANLN might regulate DNA replication and cell cycle signaling through pathways that involved several cancer-related kinases, miRNAs and E2F1. Additionally, ANLN was suggested to be associated with the infiltration of several immune cells, which was proved to be upregulated in both HCC cells and tissues. Conclusion: Those efficiently mined d...Continue Reading

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